Analytical-Grade Colloidal Polystyrene Nanospheres
 

  • CV< 3%

  • Roundness > 0.980

  • Non-cross-linked

  • Surface Chemistry: Non-functionalized or carboxyl-terminated (-COOH): for sizes 100 - 1000 nm

  • Provided in Milli-Q water with a trace amount of surfactant (<0.1%) that can be easily washed away

  • Concentrations available: 10 - 100 mg/ml (i.e. 1 - 10% w/v).

  • Sizes available: 100 - 1000 nm

  • Lifetime: At least 2 years from the date of product delivery.

  • Can be easily surface-functionalized via chemical bond formation

  • Can be adapted to other common biological buffers like phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or organic solvents like ethanol via repeated centrifugation and resuspension

Safety Data Sheets

Transmission/Scanning Electron Micrographs​

100 nm

Carboxylated

100 nm

Non-
Functionalized

200 nm

Carboxylated

200 nm

Non-
Functionalized

300 nm

Carboxylated

400 nm

Carboxylated

400 nm

Non-
Functionalized

500 nm

Carboxylated

500 nm

Non-
Functionalized

600 nm

Non-
Functionalized

800 nm

Non-
Functionalized

1000 nm

Carboxylated

1000 nm

Non-
Functionalized

The preparation process for this product is mature and stable. Each batch of products is verified by various precision instruments such as high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, particle size analyzer, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The series of monodisperse microspheres have high sphericity, strictly monodisperse particle size, small coefficient of variation and stable physical and chemical properties. Our polystyrene nanoparticles have nearly perfect sphericity and a narrow particle size distribution. These nanospheres have extremely stable physicochemical properties, are easy to store, and have good stability. The surface of the carboxylated spheres is rich in carboxylic functional groups and is easy to functionalize. The applications of these monodisperse polystyrene nanoparticles include the synthesis of the ordered materials, biomedical tests, particle size standards, and column packing.

Analytical-Grade Colloidal Polystyrene Microspheres
 

  • CV< 5% for 2 μm ~ 100 μm

  • Roundness > 0.980

  • Cross-linked

  • Surface Chemistry
    Non-functionalized or carboxyl polystyrene microparticles: for sizes 5- 20 
    μm
    Non-functionalized polystyrene microparticles: for sizes 20 - 100 μm

  • Provided in Milli-Q water with a trace amount of surfactant (<0.1%) that can be easily washed away

  • Concentration available to choose from: 10 - 50 mg/ml (i.e. 1 - 5 % w/v)

  • Can be easily surface-functionalized via chemical bond formation

  • Can be adapted to other common biological buffers like phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or organic solvents like ethanol via repeated centrifugation and resuspension

  • These polystyrene microparticles might precipitate at the bottom of the containing vial over time, and this is not a sign of aggregation. Large particles precipitate faster than small particles. These particles can be easily resuspended using sonication (ultrasonic bath or ultrasonic homogenizer) or vortexing

Scanning Electron Micrographs ​

2 μm
Non-
Functionalized

5 μm
Non-
Functionalized

5 μm
Carboxylated

10 μm
Carboxylated

10 μm
Non-
Functionalized

20 μm
Carboxylated

20 μm
Non-
Functionalized

50 μm
Non-
Functionalized

100 μm
Non-
Functionalized

Zeta Potential Measurement Results

polystyrene nanoparticles

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Results of 1 μm Polystyrene Microspheres 

Polystyrene Nanoparticles FTIR

How do we measure the CV Values and reveal the real size distributions?

Through the years of working with nano-/microspheres, our researchers and technicians fully understand the importance of the size distributions from batch to batch. In the field of size characterizations, there are mainly two methods, scanning/transmission/scanning transmission electron micrographs (SEM/TEM/STEM) and dynamic light scattering (i.e. DLS). Unfortunately, we found DLS are unsuitable for accurately determine the size distributions of nano-/microspheres when compared to SEM/TEM/STEM techniques. 
 

  • DLS results are closely related to colloidal stability, and as an inevitable result, the size distributions will not be accurate for large-sized nanoparticles. For nanoparticles below 100 nm, the hydrodynamic sizes become relevant. However, for nanoparticles around or above a few hundred nanometers, colloidal stability is greatly affected by the role of gravity. In comparison, the SEM/TEM/STEM images are based on dry samples only where higher reproducibility and reliability have been seen through numerous studies in our case and in the literature.

  • DLS cannot distinguish between nanoparticles themselves and the aggregates of surfactants. As most of our colloidal nano-/microspheres have a trace of surfactants purposely added in the system for longer lifetime, DLS becomes unsuitable for direct size measurements unless the nano-/microspheres are washed at least three times with the Milli-Q water or de-ionized water to fully remove any trace of surfactants. Similarly, the nano-/microspheres due to inefficient re-suspension also distort the DLS results; for instance, a couple of aggregated 100 nm nanoparticles might be seen as 200 nm or 300 nm nanoparticles under DLS measurements.

  • DLS cannot give any insight into the shape or the spherical degree of nano-/microspheres. Irregularly-shaped particles and perfectly spherical particles can be interpreted the same under DLS measurements.

 

As a result, we use SEM/TEM/STEM techniques instead of DLS measurements as our routine quality control method. We routinely take at least 10 electron micrographs and process them with ImageJ for size distributions as well as the CV value. This is also the reason that we typically include a couple of representative SEM/TEM/STEM images with our products when delivered to our clients. We wish to reveal the real size distributions and let the clients visualize the images of nano-/microspheres directly instead of viewing the fitted curves indirectly. 

nanoparticle size measurement

Our Analytical-Grade Polystyrene Nano-/Microspheres in Stock:

100 nm, Non-Functionalized

100 nm, Carboxylated

200 nm, Non-Functionalized

200 nm, Carboxylated

300 nm, Non-Functionalized

300 nm, Carboxylated

400 nm, Non-Functionalized

400 nm, Carboxylated

500 nm, Non-Functionalized

500 nm, Carboxylated

600 nm, Non-Functionalized

600 nm, Carboxylated

800 nm, Non-Functionalized

800 nm, Carboxylated

1000 nm, Non-Functionalized

1000 nm, Carboxylated

2 μm, Non-Functionalized

2 μm,, Carboxylated

5 μm, Non-Functionalized

5 μm,, Carboxylated

10 μm, Non-Functionalized

10 μm,, Carboxylated

20 μm, Non-Functionalized

20 μm,, Carboxylated

50 μm, Non-Functionalized

100 μm, Non-Functionalized

10 ml at 10 mg/ml

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

$ 145

20 ml at 10 mg/ml

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

$ 235

10 ml at 50 mg/ml

$ 345

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

 

$ 345

20 ml at 50 mg/ml

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

$ 595

Notes:
 

1. SDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) and COA (Certificate of Analysis are included for every purchase. 

2. The prices listed above are in Canadian Dollars (CND$), and please refer to the blow exchange box for the most current daily exchange rates.

3. We accept both online purchases at our online store or Amazon stores and invoiced orders (Net 30 Terms). In-stock items will be dispatched within 1-3 business days. The lead time for customized orders is typically within 10 business days and will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

 

4. Orders destined for the US will be shipped from one of our two US offices. Orders destined for the UK and the EU will be shipped from the UK office. Orders destined for Canada will be shipped from our Canadian headquarters. No duties or any additional taxes for the orders delivered to Canadian, US, and UK addresses, regardless of the selected sales channel. For other International shipping addresses, recipients are responsible for local duties and taxes.

 

5. Free exchanges or full refunds will be offered within 30 days after the order fulfillment without any questions asked if the ordered items fail to meet customer expectations.

Online Stores

For Carboxylated Polystyrene Nano-/Microspheres:

  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle

For Non-Functionalized Polystyrene Nano-/Microspheres:

  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle
  • Amazon - Black Circle

Daily Exchange Rates

(updated every 12 hr)